Similar to all other denominations, Baps are distinguished by their theology and beliefs—a portion of which is shared with traditional orthodox belief and some of which is unique to the church tradition.
Over time, multiple church bodies have declared confessions of faith—although they don’t think of them as creeds—to communicate their nuanced theological differences in relation to other Christians and even to other groups as well.
Groups can usually be categorized into two main parties: Generals who follow Arminian traditions and Particulars who maintain Reformed theology.
In the holiness movement, a handful of Generals believed in the preaching of a secondary act of grace and as a result created separate denomination which emphasized that school of thought.
Such groups include the Ohio Valley Association of the Christian Baptist Churches of God and the Holiness Baptist Association.
The majority of Baps are evangelical in their beliefs, however doctrine can differ because of the congregational governance system which allows local congregations autonomy.
Over the arc of history, churches have been integral in fighting for freedom of religious expression and differentiation between church and state.